Heart

Heart disease is a term that applies to a large number of medical conditions relating to the heart. These medical conditions relate to the abnormal health conditions that directly affect the heart and all its components. Heart disease is a major health problem within some cultures.

One theory for heart disease is the radical changes within our lifestyles. People are often less active and eat diets high in fats. Takeaway food is abundant today and often people will eat it due to the increased availability. Some takeaway outlets are now helping cater to a healthier lifestyle by offering a variety of healthy dishes such as salads. People are becoming more aware of the risk of heart disease and choosing to change their diets. Exercise is extremely important in order to avoid heart disease. Exercise helps to keep the heart in peak performance. By using a combination of exercise and a balanced diet, the risk of heart disease is greatly decreased.

Incorporate as many lifestyle changes as possible. Such as eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly and losing weight. This will dramatically reduce the risk of diseases associated with metabolic syndrome such as diabetes and heart disease. Make dietary changes and stick to them! Eat plenty of natural wholegrain foods, vegetables and fruit. To help with weight loss, reduce the amount of food eaten and limit foods high in fat or sugar.

Coronary Artery Disease is the number one killer of both men and women in the United States. It is a disease that involves a narrowing of the blood vessels that supply blood, oxygen and other nutrients to the muscle of the heart. It may seem strange if you haven’t studied anatomy and physiology, but even though the heart has blood flowing through it constantly, this blood does not supply oxygen and nutrients to the muscle of the heart. Then what does? The coronary vascular system contains 3 main arteries – the Left Anterior Descending artery, the Circumflex artery and the Right Coronary Artery – these arteries branch off into multiple smaller arteries that supply blood to the areas further away from the main arteries. Coronary artery disease can affect both the large vessels and the small vessels.

Coronary artery disease has many risk factors, some that you can change (being overweight, lack of exercise, smoking) some that you can control (diabetes, hypertension, cholesterol levels) and some that you can’t (age, gender, family history). Most often coronary artery disease is caused by atherosclerosis. This is a build-up of fats and other deposits that cause a plaque to form inside the blood vessels. This plaque attaches itself to the wall of the blood vessel. Soon other pieces of plaque find it and attach themselves also, creating a build-up of debris and less area for the blood to pass through.